Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) – online course
Please note that this course is no longer CME accredited.
Authors: E. Brountzos and A. Krajina
Reviewers: T. Jahnke, D. Tsetis, M. Tsitskari, R. Uberoi and C. Nice
Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is a percutaneous, minimally invasive method of creating a portosystemic shunt for decompression of portal hypertension. TIPS is a side-to-side shunt of determined diameter designed to function as a partial shunt that preserves a portion of portal flow to the liver. A needle inserted transjugularly through the catheter is used to puncture the liver from a central portion of the hepatic vein and enter the main portal branch. The needle tract is then dilated by a balloon catheter, establishing a connection between the portal and systemic circulation directly inside the liver parenchyma. The parenchymal tract is kept open by insertion of a self expandable stent-graft. TIPS offers an effective treatment for patients with complications of portal hypertension, mainly prevention of variceal rebleeding and recurrent or refractory ascites. TIPS reduces portal pressure and increases effective blood volume and cardiac output. Its long-term adverse effects include risk of liver failure, hepatic encephalopathy, and cardiac dysfunction. An appropriate timing of the procedure is important in patients at high risk for rebleeding. For this group of patients, TIPS offers clinical benefits when performed early in the disease course. Technical points, such as diameter control and downsizing stent-grafts, may reduce adverse events and increase the clinical benefit of the TIPS.
This course corresponds to chapters 220.127.116.11.4 Portal and Hepatic Venous Interventions and 18.104.22.168.4.1 Portal Venous Disease and Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS) and Balloon-Occluded Retrograde Transvenous Obliteration (BRTO) in the European Curriculum and Syllabus for IR.
- To learn about the liver anatomy and pathophysiology of portal hypertension
- To learn about the clinical presentation of a patient with decompensated portal hypertension
- To study indications and timing for percutaneous decompression of portal hypertension
- To learn about the technique of the TIPS procedure
- To read postprocedural orders, management, and follow-up of patients after TIPS
- To analyse periprocedural and long-term complications of TIPS
This course covers a basic level of IR knowledge and is designed for trainees, students or young consultants aiming to acquire essential knowledge or prepare for the EBIR exam. Thereby, it is tailored to the European Curriculum and Syllabus for IR and corresponds to chapter 22.214.171.124.4 Portal and Hepatic Venous Interventions and 126.96.36.199.4.1 Portal Venous Disease and Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS) and Balloon-Occluded Retrograde Transvenous Obliteration (BRTO) .
The format of the course is interactive and easy to use, including texts, graphics, videos and a quiz to support your learning. The course duration is around one hour.
The enrolment period of this course is set to 90 days and may be extended throughout the year with a valid All-Access Pass.
Release date: December 2019